From Andrew Harper
Spanning six time zones and bordering three oceans, Canada has just 30 million citizens. As a result, the second- largest nation in the world is full of wide open spaces and exhilarating natural scenery. The rustic lodges of British Columbia and Alberta rival the best that Montana and Wyoming can offer. Above the Maine border lie the dramatic wind-lashed landscapes of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. And farther north is the Arctic, a breathtaking region best explored via a guided cruise. In contrast, the great cities of the east, Toronto and Montréal, offer European elegance enlivened by dozens of vibrant ethnic enclaves.
CLIMATE: Americans will need no introduction to Canada’s harsh winters and temperate summers. However, it is worth remembering that the climate of coastal British Columbia can be extremely pleasant, and the mountains of Vancouver Island create a rain shadow that shelters a stretch of the mainland as well as the city of Vancouver itself.
TIME: Canada has six time zones. From east to west, they are: Newfoundland, Atlantic, Eastern, Central, Mountain and Pacific.
CURRENCY: Canadian dollar (CAD). Fluctuating rate valued at CAD1.00 = US$1.00 as of August 2012.
U.S. EMBASSY: Ottawa, Tel. (613) 238-5335. There are also consulates in Montréal, Tel. (514) 398-9695, and Toronto, Tel. (416) 595-1700.
ENTRY REQUIREMENTS: Passport. Visit www.travel.state.gov, and for travelers’ health information, www.cdc.gov
GENERAL INFORMATION: Visit us.canada.travel/ before your trip.