Worldwide //  South America //  Ecuador

Ecuador

Mr. Harper's Travel Guide

Ecuador comprises a Pacific coastline, Andean highlands rising to the 20,564-foot summit of Mount Chimborazo, a tract of Amazon jungle and the Galápagos Islands, situated 620 miles to the west of the mainland. As a result, it is a country of astonishing biodiversity. Found ...

Ecuador comprises a Pacific coastline, Andean highlands rising to the 20,564-foot summit of Mount Chimborazo, a tract of Amazon jungle and the Galápagos Islands, situated 620 miles to the west of the mainland. As a result, it is a country of astonishing biodiversity. Found within its borders are more than 2,500 species of orchids, 4,500 species of butterflies and more bird species than in all of North America and Europe combined.

 The region became part of the Inca Empire in 1463, but was soon absorbed into the Spanish colonial empire. Spanish rule ended in 1822, but the colonial architecture and Incan remains survive in small towns and bustling cities. Indigenous people today comprise around 25 percent of the total population of 15 million. Both the capital, Quito, and the city of Cuenca are UNESCO World Heritage sites.  

Related: A Galapagos Islands Photo Gallery

 

ENTRY REQUIREMENTS

Passport (valid for six months from arrival). Visit travel.state.gov, and for travelers’ health information, cdc.gov.

CLIMATE

Ecuador has four distinct climatic zones: the Galápagos; the Pacific coast (Guayaquil); the Andes (Quito); and the Amazon. The Galápagos have a complex climate: During the cool, dry season from June to November, clouds and mist frequently envelop the islands, whereas in the warm, wet season from December to May, the wind drops, and between downpours there is considerably more sunshine. This seemingly illogical state of affairs is the result of the frigid Humboldt Current, which flows from Antarctica. 

bird icon Hotels & Restaurants in Ecuador

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